The term indigenous knowledge has of ten been associated in the western context with the primitive, the wild and the natural. it is regarded to as a draw back to modern knowledge as it has no scientific proof and is based on rural peoples knowledge .
Indigenous knowledge is defined as that body of accumulated wisdom that has evolved from years of experience and trial and error problem solving by groups working to meet the challenges they face in their local government drawing upon the resources they have at hand.

It is also regarded as knowledge existing outside conventional knowledge or formalized knowledge of rural or poor local communities or people.
Examples of indigenous knowledge in relevance to agriculture: Taking rice as a subject mater:

The indigenous knowledge should be viewed as equally important as the modern knowledge as the practice as been viewed successful before transfer of knowledge occurs. To planting time using the position of moon and stars to local fertilizing materials, mulching etc has all been practiced, improve upon and deemed successful before been passed on in the rural community by her people.